Sunday, August 15, 2010

Panchayat Election in Kerala 2010

Elections are regularly held to fill government officials at all levels of government in both Kerala and India as a whole. These range from national elections to regional local body or panchayat elections. The Assembly of Kerala creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India.Panchayat Elections is a term widely used in Kerala, India, for the polls that are held to select the Local Self-government Representatives. There are three branches of local self-government institutions in Kerala. They are Grama Panchayat which can be translated as Village Government, Block Panchayat and District Panchayat.There are two more wings namely Municipality which is another form of Block Panchayat that exists only in major towns and Corporations that come only in four major cities.The State has 999 Grama Panchayats, 152 Block Panchayats, 14 District Panchayats, 53 Municipalities and 5 Corporations. Consequent to the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution of India, the local self-government institutions (LSGIs) are to function as the third tier of government. In Kerala, LSGIs have been meaningfully empowered through massive transfer of resources as well as administrative powers.The last Election to the Local Self-government Institutions in Kerala (Panchayat Elections) was held on September 24 and September 26, 2005. Elections to the local bodies in Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Idukki, Alappuzha, Kottayam, Ernakulam and Thrissur districts were held on September 24 and to those in Palakkad, Malappuram, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Kannur and Kasaragod districts in the second stage on September 26. Elections were held for 16,139 grama panchayat (village self-government body), 2,004 block panchayat, 339 district panchayat, 1,725 municipality and 316 municipal corporation wards.There are 1214 local self government bodies. That the State administration could effectively be transformed from centralized to decentralised administration, and importance was given to people's participation in the administration and development sectors were silent revolution, which took place in Kerala. The Government transferred about 40% of the plan outlay to the local self-government bodies.The Panchayat Raj-Municipality Act on the basis of 73 rd and 74th amendments of the Constitution came into force in the State on 23-4-1994 and 30-5-1994 respectively. As per the provisions made in the Act a number of powers and responsibilities and projects of the Government were transferred to the local self-governments with effect from October 2, 1995. Along with them, the service of the concerned officers was transferred to the local self-government bodies.
Both the LDF and UDF are ready with there political agendas for fighting the battle which is to be held on October. This time we are having a single election in kerala and there is no type of multi- election. Another thing to note is that as per the 33% reservation for women have been enacted by the Loksabha and 50% by Kerala State Legislature, many of the districts in Kerala will be ruled by Women Mayors and Secretaries. The people are waiting and even those who turned 18 years are also waiting to poll there first votes. So wwe can wait till the days to come fast for Panchayat Elections.

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